On October 20th, Guatemala celebrates the ‘Day of Revolution.’ In 1944 on this day a coalition of teachers, workers and students in Guatemala overthrew the government of General Frederico Ponce, the front man for a cruel dictator named General Jorge Ubico y Castañeda. Democratic elections were held and Doctor Juan José Arévalo Bermejo was elected the first President of the Revolution. Ten years of peace and progress known as “The Springtime of Democracy” followed.
Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán, the second President of the Revolution, was overthrown by a CIA-backed coup because his land reform efforts affected powerful U.S. agricultural interests. Guatemala then entered almost four decades of military dictatorships, massacres and civil war. To read more about October Revolution Day in detail visit: http://shr.aaas.org/guatemala/ciidh/org_rep/english/part2_3.html
This day is marked by protests by unions, farmers, teachers and human rights organizations who still seek the truth about the ‘desaparecidos’ (vanished); more than 200,000 victims of the Guatemalan Civil War.